The Bradford lawsuit, based on a claim under Marylandʼs constitution, remains under the authority of the stateʼs Circuit Court. It was filed in 1994 by the ACLU against the state of Maryland on behalf of at-risk schoolchildren in Baltimore City. Baltimore City schools have received over $2 billion in increased state funding from the Bradford consent decree and subsequent “Thornton” education funding formula. Read more.

ACLU Press Releases

Information about Senate Bill 795 from the 1997 General Assembly

  • Established a "parternship agreement" between the city, state, and ACLU
  • Changed the governing structure of the Baltimore City Public School System (BCPSS); made it a separate entity governed by a newly created Board of School Commissioners, which would in turn hire a Chief Executive Officer


Elizabeth B. McCallum

Pro Bono Law Firm(s)

Originally filed by Howrey and Simon, currently handled by Baker Hostetler

Date filed

December 6, 1994



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